The European Commission hopes talks on a financial transaction tax (FTT) will conclude by summer next year, after Austria outlined the levy’s potential scope.
Pierre Moscovici, commissioner for financial affairs, hailed the progression of talks on how the tax would be applied, after the finance ministers of EU member states met for the Economic and Financial Affairs council (ECOFIN) on Tuesday.
Moscovici said the discussions, which focused on proposals tabled by the Austrian government, marked a “major step forward”.
ECOFIN discussed how to define the issuance and residence of securities under the FTT, and how to tax derivatives contracts.
It also debated the merits of taxing securities after each trade, or after the end of each trading day, according to documents released by the Council of the EU.
Details of potential FTT models have been drawn up by a standalone working party on tax questions, which, over the course of the year, has been discussing the “building blocks” associated with FTT models.
The European Trade Union Confederation welcomed the idea of proposals being finalised by summer 2016.
Deputy general secretary Veronica Nilsson said the ETUC would “continue to press for a strong FTT”, the proceeds of which, it argued, will be used to promote economic growth.
“[The FTT] would also reduce speculative financial activities that destabilise our economies,” Nilsson said.
However, ahead of ECOFIN’s deliberations, the German asset management association (BVI) reiterated industry concerns that the tax would hurt those saving for retirement.
Thomas Richter, the BVI’s chief executive, said retail investors would shoulder the cost of the FTT rather than those “held responsible” for the 2008 financial crisis.
“Across Europe, there is a lot of effort going into encouraging retirement and long-term saving,” Richter said.
“To subject those making provision to a financial transaction tax would be absurd.”
The Commission first issued a proposal for an FTT of 0.1% in late 2011, after calls from both France and Germany for the tax.
The idea has since been championed by a minority of 11 member states under the so-called enhanced cooperation procedure, but progress has been slow.
More recently, the number of countries supporting the FTT has fallen to 10, after Estonia withdrew its support, leaving Spain, Italy, Belgium, Austria, Portugal, Greece, Slovakia and Slovenia in addition to Germany and France.
PensionsEurope recently warned that the FTT would be “counter-productive” to efforts to foster investment on the Continent.