Australian superannuation funds criticised over climate risk
Australia’s AUD2.3trn (€1.5trn) superannuation industry is lacking in its disclosure of climate risk, according to a new report.
Financial activist group Market Forces – an affiliate of Friends of the Earth – warned that Australian trustees were putting themselves at risk of breaching their fiduciary duties to members.
In a survey of Australia’s 100 largest superannuation funds, representing 99% of all large super fund assets, Market Forces found that only 18 funds, with assets totalling AUD646bn, had adequate disclosure on climate risk management.
Meanwhile, 60 funds – responsible for more than AUD393bn – disclosed no tangible evidence of having considered the impact of climate risk on their investment portfolios.
Another 22 funds, with assets totalling AUD306bn, disclosed “inadequate” evidence that they had considered climate risk, Market Forces said.
The group highlighted recent guidance from the Australian Prudential Regulation Authority (APRA), which identified climate risk as “distinctly financial in nature”.
Market Forces said APRA highlighted that these risks were “foreseeable, material and actionable now”.
Many funds seemed still to consider climate risk a “future problem”, the report said, and not one that would impact their portfolios in the short or medium term.
The report cited recent developments in technology with major implications for the energy and utilities sectors in particular – including the potential to reduce coal, oil and gas demand in the short to medium term. Oil production giant Royal Dutch Shell has forecast demand for oil to peak in as little as five years, the report said.
Market Forces also warned about the transition risk facing the Port of Newcastle in New South Wales. Seven super funds acquired a stake in what is currently the world’s largest coal-exporting port in May 2014 through a fund run by infrastructure specialists Hastings.
The asset accounted for roughly 20% of Hastings’ AUD1.75bn Infrastructure Fund at the end of 2016, according to the manager’s website.
“Despite the uncertain future facing the coal industry, none of the seven funds has disclosed to members the risks involved,” Market Forces said.
Its report claimed that only one of the seven funds, Energy Super, actually disclosed the existence of the port investment in its own documentation.
Ethical issues sidelined?
For many super funds, climate change was perceived as strictly an ethical issue, Market Forces argued.
One of the most common responses by super funds to member enquiries about climate risk, according to the report, was to pigeonhole their concerns as an ethical issue rather than a material financial risk.
To appease concerned members, dozens of funds created or “modified ethical” or “socially responsible” investment options, the authors claimed. “These options restrict investments in carbon-intensive companies, with screens varying greatly from one option to the next.”
Funds with “adequate” disclosure, according to Market Forces, included the country’s largest super fund, the AUD104bn AustralianSuper. Eight of the 20 largest funds were deemed adequate by the report, including UniSuper, First State Super, SunSuper, and HESTA.
Australian funds with ‘adequate’ climate risk disclosure
|Fund||Assets (AUD)||Members||Type of fund|
|First State Super||57.1bn||751,000||Public sector|
|Commonwealth Super Corporation||37.6bn||664,000||Public sector|
|State Super Retirement Fund||16.4bn||75,000||Retail|
|Local Government Super||9.5bn||92,000||Public sector|
|Russell Investments Master Trust||7.9bn||74,000||Retail|
|Vision Super||7.8bn||101,000||Public sector|
|Australian Ethical Retail Superannuation Fund||1.1bn||26,000||Retail|
Source: Market Forces